The Colorado statutes that create and define the purpose of the Colorado Geological Survey and the State Geologist:
34-1-101. Geological survey created - purpose - avalanche information center.
(1) There is hereby established the Colorado geological survey, which is a division of the department of natural resources. The purpose of the survey is to coordinate and encourage by use of appropriate means the full development of the state's natural resources, as the same are related to the geological processes that affect realistic development of human and mineral utilization and conservation practices and needs in the state of Colorado, all of which are designed to result in an ultimate benefit to the citizens of the state.
(2) There is hereby created, within the Colorado geological survey, the Colorado avalanche information center to carry out a program of avalanche forecasting and education.
34-1-102. State geologist - appointment - qualifications. The executive director of the department of natural resources shall appoint a state geologist, subject to the state constitution and the state personnel system laws. The state geologist shall be the director of the Colorado geological survey. The state geologist shall be a professional geologist, as defined in section 34-1-201 (3), and shall have professional, managerial, supervisory, practical, and technical experience and knowledge in the use of geology, earth sciences, and natural resource planning and management. The office of the state geologist shall be located and headquartered close to or as near as possible to the offices and headquarters of the other agencies and divisions under the executive director of the department of natural resources.
34-1-103. Objectives of survey - duties of state geologist. (1) The Colorado geological survey shall function to provide assistance to and cooperate with the general public, industries, and agencies of state government, including institutions of higher education, in pursuit of the following objectives, the priorities of which shall be determined by mutual consent of the state geologist and the executive director of the department of natural resources:
(a) To assist, consult with, and advise existing state and local governmental agencies on geologic problems;
(b) To promote economic development of mineral resources;
(c) To conduct studies to develop geological information;
(d) To inventory and analyze the state's mineral resources as to quantity, chemical composition, physical properties, location, and possible use;
(e) To collect and preserve geologic information;
(f) To advise the state and act as liaison agency on transactions dealing with natural resources between state agencies and with other states and the federal government on common problems and studies;
(g) To evaluate the physical features of Colorado with reference to present and potential human and animal use;
(h) To prepare, publish, and distribute reports, maps, and bulletins when necessary to achieve the purposes of this part 1, but in accordance with section 24-1-136, C.R.S.;
(i) To determine areas of natural geologic hazards that could affect the safety of or economic loss to the citizens of Colorado;
(j) To advise the state engineer in the promulgation of rules and regulations pursuant to article 90.5 of title 37, C.R.S., and to provide other governmental agencies with technical assistance regarding geothermal resources as needed;
(k) To promote safety by reducing the impact of avalanches on recreation, industry, and transportation in the state through a program of forecasting and education conducted by the Colorado avalanche information center.
(2) The duties of the state geologist shall be to fulfill the objectives of this part 1 and, together with the employees of the survey, work for the maximum beneficial and most efficient use of the geologic processes for the protection of and economic benefit to the citizens of Colorado.
(3) The state geologist shall conduct a study and prepare a map or maps as provided in section 34-1-303.
(4) The state geologist shall, upon receiving a preliminary plan pursuant to section 30-28-136 (1) (i), C.R.S., or a major activity notice pursuant to section 31-23-225, C.R.S., review such plan or notice to determine whether the development or activity which is the subject of such plan or notice will interfere with the extraction of commercial mineral deposits as defined in section 34-1-302. If the state geologist determines that a potential for such interference exists, he shall, within twenty-four days after mailing such plan or notice, notify the appropriate board of county commissioners or governing body of a municipality of the existence of such potential interference.
(5) The state geologist shall administer the provisions of section 25-15-202 (4) (b), C.R.S., requiring the Colorado geological survey to make a recommendation on the geological suitability of proposed hazardous waste disposal sites for land disposal of hazardous waste and the provisions of section 25-15-216 requiring the Colorado geological survey to conduct a study of the geological suitability of areas of the state for hazardous waste disposal sites.
(6) The state geological survey shall prepare an annual report describing the status of the mineral industry and describing current influences affecting the growth and viability of the mineral industry in the state, and setting forth recommendations to foster the industry. This report and recommendations shall be submitted to the director of minerals and geology.
34-1-104. Employees. The state geologist shall employ such assistants and personnel as may be deemed necessary to carry out the purposes of this part 1, subject to the state constitution and the state personnel system laws. Such personnel should include, but shall not be limited to, qualified professional geologists or geological engineers to cover at least four categories of specialties in mineral deposits, water and hydrology, petroleum and mineral fuels, and engineering geology.